●The history of wine spans thousands of years and is closely intertwined with the history of agriculture, cuisine, civilization and humanity itself.
●Archaeological evidence suggests that the earliest wine production came from sites in Armenia, Georgia, and Iran, dating from 8000 to 5000 BC.
●The archaeological evidence becomes clearer and points to domestication of grapevine in Early Bronze Age sites of the Near East, Sumer and Egypt from around the third millennium BC.
●Evidence of the earliest European wine production has been uncovered at archaeological sites in Macedonia, dated to 6,500 years ago.
●These same sites also contain remnants of the world's earliest evidence of crushed grapes.
●In Egypt, wine became a part of recorded history, playing an important role in ancient ceremonial life.
●Traces of wild wine dating from the second and first millennium BC have also been found in China.
●Wine, tied in myth to Dionysus/Bacchus, was common in ancient Greece and Rome,
●and many of the major wine-producing regions of Western Europe today were established with Phoenician and later Roman plantations.
●Wine-making technology, such as the wine press, improved considerably during the time of the Roman Empire;
●many grape varieties and cultivation techniques were known and barrels were developed for storing and shipping wine.
●In medieval Europe, following the decline of Rome and its industrial-scale wine production for export,
●the Christian Church became a staunch supporter of the wine necessary for celebration of the Catholic Mass.