網頁列印

內容來自網址: https://www.worldjournal.com/6729344/article-link/

首頁 周刊

葡萄酒的歷史

羅馬帝國時期的人類就懂得將葡萄酒以木桶保存,此方式沿用至今。(路透) 羅馬帝國時期的人類就懂得將葡萄酒以木桶保存,此方式沿用至今。(路透)
葡萄酒的起源超過千年,成為人類現今飲食文化重要的一部分。(路透) 葡萄酒的起源超過千年,成為人類現今飲食文化重要的一部分。(路透)

●The history of wine spans thousands of years and is closely intertwined with the history of agriculture, cuisine, civilization and humanity itself.

葡萄酒的歷史發展超過千年,和農業的歷史、飲食文化、人類的文明及人性息息相關。

●Archaeological evidence suggests that the earliest wine production came from sites in Armenia, Georgia, and Iran, dating from 8000 to 5000 BC.

考古學的證據推斷,釀造葡萄酒最早是在西元前8000年到5000年時,發源於亞美尼亞、喬治亞、和伊朗一帶。

●The archaeological evidence becomes clearer and points to domestication of grapevine in Early Bronze Age sites of the Near East, Sumer and Egypt from around the third millennium BC.

考古學的證據更明顯的指出,「被馴化的葡萄」在青銅時代早期就存在於近東地區(早期稱歐洲的東方為「近東」)、蘇美、以及西元前3000年的埃及。

●Evidence of the earliest European wine production has been uncovered at archaeological sites in Macedonia, dated to 6,500 years ago.

有證據顯示最早開始釀造葡萄酒的歐洲人,被發現活動在馬其頓的考古遺址一帶,距今6500年前。

●These same sites also contain remnants of the world's earliest evidence of crushed grapes.

在同樣的遺址也發現全世界最古老的碎葡萄殘骸。

●In Egypt, wine became a part of recorded history, playing an important role in ancient ceremonial life.

在埃及,葡萄酒成為歷史記錄的一部分,在古代儀式中扮演很重要的角色。

●Traces of wild wine dating from the second and first millennium BC have also been found in China.

回溯到西元前2000年到1000年前,在中國也發現山葡萄酒的蹤跡。

●Wine, tied in myth to Dionysus/Bacchus, was common in ancient Greece and Rome, 

古希臘的戴歐尼修斯和古羅馬的巴克斯,都是各神話中酒神的代表,

●and many of the major wine-producing regions of Western Europe today were established with Phoenician and later Roman plantations.

今日西歐主要的葡萄酒產區,許多都建立在腓尼基和後來羅馬帝國時期的農田區域。

●Wine-making technology, such as the wine press, improved considerably during the time of the Roman Empire; 

釀酒的技術如葡萄酒壓榨機,被認為到羅馬帝國時期才被發揚光大;

●many grape varieties and cultivation techniques were known and barrels were developed for storing and shipping wine.

許多葡萄的品種和培育的技術都是在當時被發現;而用木桶保存葡萄酒及裝載運送的方式,也是在當時發明的。

●In medieval Europe, following the decline of Rome and its industrial-scale wine production for export, 

中世紀的歐洲在羅馬帝國衰落後,擁有工業技術規模的葡萄酒開始外銷,

●the Christian Church became a staunch supporter of the wine necessary for celebration of the Catholic Mass. 

教會也忠誠的支持天主教堂,以葡萄酒做為彌撒和禮拜儀式的主要用途。



data-matched-content-rows-num="10,4"
data-matched-content-columns-num="1,2"
data-matched-content-ui-type="image_sidebyside,image_stacked"

Copyright 2020 世界新聞網-北美華文新聞、華商資訊. All rights reserved.