網頁列印

內容來自網址: https://www.worldjournal.com/6476061/article-link/

首頁 周刊

雙語|性少數大學生 心理健康風險高

研究發現,校園性少數學生比其他學生更容易遭遇心理健康問題;圖為非營利組織「真實顏色」(True Colors)協助性向與性少數青少年。(美聯社) 研究發現,校園性少數學生比其他學生更容易遭遇心理健康問題;圖為非營利組織「真實顏色」(True Colors)協助性向與性少數青少年。(美聯社)
一名少女在臉上塗上彩紅顏色,參加以色列同志大遊行。(路透) 一名少女在臉上塗上彩紅顏色,參加以色列同志大遊行。(路透)

• Gender minority students in U.S. colleges and universities are four times as likely as other students to experience mental health problems, researchers say.

研究人員表示,美國大專院校性少數(gender minority)學生遭遇心理健康問題的可能性是其他學生的四倍。

• Students who identify as transgender, gender nonconforming, genderqueer and nonbinary need gender-affirming services on campus, as well as screening for mental health concerns, the authors of a new study conclude in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

《美國預防醫學雜誌》一篇新研究的作者在結論指出,跨性別、非性別常規、性別酷兒和非二元性別的學生需要校園性別確認服務以及評估心理健康風險。

•“The traditional college years coincide with the onset of about 75% of mental illnesses, and students are experiencing newfound autonomy living on their own with new social environments, new health behaviors and different forms of stress,” said Sarah Ketchen Lipson of the Boston University School of Public Health, who led the study.

波士頓大學公共衛生學院學者、該研究主要作者利普森(Sarah Ketchen Lipson)表示:「傳統的大學學年跟約75%的心理疾病同時出現,學生在新社會環境中獨居會發現一種新的自主權、新健康行為和不同類型的壓力。」

•“This is a key time for students to address their mental health, and we often see students experience symptoms for the first time,” she told Reuters Health in a phone interview. “That’s particularly relevant for the students who identify as nonbinary, transgender or genderqueer.”

她接受路透健康(Reuters Health)的電話訪問時表示:「這是處理學生心理健康的關鍵時刻,我們常看到首度面臨這些症狀的學生,這對於非二元性別、跨性別或性別酷兒的學生關連尤其高。」

• Lipson and colleagues analyzed data from the 2015-2017 Healthy Minds Study, an annual survey of randomly selected students at U.S. campuses who are 18 years or older and answer the questions online. Among more than 65,000 participants from 71 campuses across four semesters whose responses were included in the new analysis, about 1,200 students identified as gender minorities.

利普森與同事分析2015年到2017年健康心智研究(Healthy Minds Study)的數據,該年度研究隨機抽樣18歲以上的美國學生線上回答問題。新分析中涵蓋71所學校逾6萬5000名實驗參與者橫跨四個學年的回答,其中約有1200名學生為性少數。

• The research team analyzed survey responses for symptoms of common mental health problems, including depression, anxiety, eating disorders, self-injury, suicidal ideation, suicide plans and suicide attempts.

該研究團隊分析健康心智研究常見心理健康問題的症狀,包括憂鬱、焦慮、飲食失調、自我傷害、自殺意念、自殺計畫與自殺未遂。

• Overall, about 78% of gender minority students met the criteria for one or more mental health disorders, as compared with 45% of cisgender students.

整體而言,78%性少數學生符合一種以上的心理健康問題標準,相對而言,45%順性別學生符合上述標準。

• In particular, nearly 60% of gender minority students screened positive for depression, and more than one third reported seriously thinking about suicide in the past year.

特別是有近60%的性少數學生正面塞選出憂鬱,超過三分之一性少數學生表示過去一年曾認真考慮自殺。



Copyright 2019 世界新聞網-北美華文新聞、華商資訊. All rights reserved.