• Gender minority students in U.S. colleges and universities are four times as likely as other students to experience mental health problems, researchers say.
• Students who identify as transgender, gender nonconforming, genderqueer and nonbinary need gender-affirming services on campus, as well as screening for mental health concerns, the authors of a new study conclude in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.
•“The traditional college years coincide with the onset of about 75% of mental illnesses, and students are experiencing newfound autonomy living on their own with new social environments, new health behaviors and different forms of stress,” said Sarah Ketchen Lipson of the Boston University School of Public Health, who led the study.
波士頓大學公共衛生學院學者、該研究主要作者利普森(Sarah Ketchen Lipson)表示：「傳統的大學學年跟約75%的心理疾病同時出現，學生在新社會環境中獨居會發現一種新的自主權、新健康行為和不同類型的壓力。」
•“This is a key time for students to address their mental health, and we often see students experience symptoms for the first time,” she told Reuters Health in a phone interview. “That’s particularly relevant for the students who identify as nonbinary, transgender or genderqueer.”
• Lipson and colleagues analyzed data from the 2015-2017 Healthy Minds Study, an annual survey of randomly selected students at U.S. campuses who are 18 years or older and answer the questions online. Among more than 65,000 participants from 71 campuses across four semesters whose responses were included in the new analysis, about 1,200 students identified as gender minorities.
利普森與同事分析2015年到2017年健康心智研究(Healthy Minds Study)的數據，該年度研究隨機抽樣18歲以上的美國學生線上回答問題。新分析中涵蓋71所學校逾6萬5000名實驗參與者橫跨四個學年的回答，其中約有1200名學生為性少數。
• The research team analyzed survey responses for symptoms of common mental health problems, including depression, anxiety, eating disorders, self-injury, suicidal ideation, suicide plans and suicide attempts.
• Overall, about 78% of gender minority students met the criteria for one or more mental health disorders, as compared with 45% of cisgender students.
• In particular, nearly 60% of gender minority students screened positive for depression, and more than one third reported seriously thinking about suicide in the past year.